Dog Disease - Actinomycosis

Actinomycosis is generally a disease of cattle, but it can be found in other animals and in human beigns as well. It is that kind of gram-postive bacteria which may tend to suffer from pyogranulomatous inflammation and are grouped by the formation of tiny circled masses with ulcerated surface in humans and animals.

This bacteria usually exists in the nasal paths near the throat and in the mouth and may become pathologic, because of the destitute oral hygiene, trauma, oral surgical procedures and dental or periodontal problems. There are several species which are linked with dogs’ diseases, such as Actinomyces bovis, Actinomyces viscosus and Actonomyces hordeovulneris. Pulmonary Actinomycosis may arise as a result of aspiration of actinomyces that are developed due to diseased gums and dental plaque.

Actinomyces bovis may cause swelling in the nasal cavity and the patient may suffer from heavy breathing and loose teeth. Actinomyces hordeovulneris may causes abscesses in the liver and spleen and forms infections in the cavities around the bacterial arthritis and lungs.

Two Forms of Actinomycosis:

Commonly, there are two types of actinomycosis seen in the dogs. The most obvious are the skin abscess and mycetoma.It is caused due to a wound on the skin and may get well well after treatment. Actinomycesviscosus generate chronic pneumonia, inflation of cavities around the lungs and skin abscesses linked with fever, swelling on the skin along with the pain. Canine inter digital is resulted from external body penetration or introduced into a wound by grooming.

Diagnosis of Actinomycosis:
The skin actinomycosis is diagnosed on the basis of histologic examination, cytological examination and bacteriologic culture.

Treatment of Actinomycosis:
Treatment for this kind of disease generally relies on the bacteria species that originates the disease. The skin affected from this kind of disease may need to go through surgical cleaning, administration of antibiotics and drainage. There may be repeating infections in a number of dogs that will require more than one surgical procedure. The treatment appears to be effective, if the patient affected from cultaneousactionmycosis get a combination of antibiotic and surgery.